These links will take you to outside sources for your own investigation into the wartime incarceration, the JACL, the Nisei veterans, the Heart Mountain Relocation Center in Wyoming and the Cheyenne newspaper that covered the two Fair Play Committee trials. You can also look up more on-line photos from the War Relocation Authority and other sources.
As these are outside sources, we cannot verify the accuracy of the information they publish.
ABOUT THE HEART MOUNTAIN RESISTERS
The National Archives Information Locator (NAIL) on September 8th
posted 34 multi-page documents from the trial of the original 63 resisters (U.S. vs. Shigeru Fujii et. al., U.S. District Court Case #4928),
and the subsequent trial of the seven Fair Play Committee leaders and journalist James Omura (U.S. vs. Kiyoshi
Okamoto, et. al., Case #4930). To go the source click on the link above
and scroll down about eleven screens to the box titled "Criminal Case Files
of the United States District Court, 1890-1949."
You can also see a number of these historic documents on our Documents page.
Frank Chin Oral History Collection at Washington State Universities
consists of audio tape interviews, selected transcripts,
additional explanatory material with many of the Heart Mountain
"Rabbit in the Moon" was a PBS/POV documentary by Emiko Omori that
introduced the story of camp collaboration and resistance to a national audience. You
can also download a Facilitator's
Guide with classroom lesson plans, additional resources and further
reading and research suggestions (Adobe Acrobat Reader required). For
reviews, click here.
The Heart Mountain Relocation Camp Story on CD-ROM: This links to a detailed description and ordering information for a well-researched CD-ROM available by mail from Ann Noble in Cora, Wyoming.
It's a multi-media look at the Heart Mountain experience from the perspectives of both the internees and their white neighbors, with a helpful timeline. It was created for distribution to all Wyoming high schools, colleges and libraries, and is enhanced with over 150 photographs
and 50 primary documents. The CD-ROM is Mac and PC compatible. It retails for $50.00; but is available through this web site for $35.00 plus $3.00 shipping.
ABOUT THE JAPANESE AMERICAN INCARCERATION
War Relocation Authority photographs of the Japanese-American evacuation and resettlement, 1942-1945
from the California Heritage Digital Image Access Project at The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
American Concentration Camps collects panoramic photo collages that Professor Masumi Hayashi of Cleveland State University created from her visits to all ten WRA camp sites.
She arrived to photograph the Heart Mountain building while we there shooting Frank Emi and Mits Koshiyama in 1995, so we took turns.
This is a graphics-heavy page and will take several minutes to download at 28.8 kps.
Concentration Camp or Summer Camp? by
Robert Ito. Confused by information you may have seen on other sites on the
This article from the Mother Jones MOJO Wire exposes the "new generation of revisionists" using
the Internet to try to put a happy face on America's wartime concentration camps.
Mike Masaoka Papers at the University of Utah Marriott Library. "Collection
contains portraits of Masaoka as well as documentation of his involvement
in Japanese American civic and memorial groups, and occasions. Also prominent
politicians with Masaoka and the 442nd regiment which fought in Europe during
ABOUT THE NISEI VETERANS
National Japanese American Memorial
Foundation "This Memorial will honor the loyalty and courage of Japanese Americans during World War II, commemorating not only the heroism and sacrifice of Japanese Americans who fought and died for their country, but it will also tell the story of 120 thousand brave men, women and children who, despite the abridgement of their civil rights and even relocation to desolate camps, maintained their loyalty and supported their nation on the home front." To
be dedicated in Washington, D.C. on Nov. 9, 2000.
Japanese American Voice This is the website for the Committee for a Fair and Accurate Memorial.
"JAvoice.com wants to make certain that the collective
recollection of Japanese Americans is representative of the diversity of our
community... However, those in control of the memorial to our community's history -- the Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II, in Washington, DC, opening in the fall 2000 -- proceeded from a limited perspective. The memorial, as it is now designed, only reflects a
certain point of view."
Seattle Sansei "We are dedicated to preserving a sense of ethnic community among
Japanese Americans living in the Seattle area. We are affiliated with
the Nisei Veterans Committee (NVC), which sponsors our organization, and we
seek to honor their sacrifices during the war, their commitments to the
community, and their efforts to better the lives of their children
OTHER PROJECTS SUPPORTED BY THE CIVIL LIBERTIES PUBLIC
CLPEF Projects: this page links you to 8 funded projects now on-line (including ours), and to other sites on Japanese American internment
and Japanese American organizations.
Public Art in the Pike Place Market: A public artwork project commissioned at Seattle's historic Pike's Place Market
which commemorates the contributions of Japanese American farmers to the region's economy and culture.
Old Man River: a one woman play, written and performed by Cynthia Gates